Philosophy and Logic. Like 2 babies from the same womb. Like 2 faces of the same coin. Logic, in its fullness, is a perquisite in understanding Philosophy. Without logic philosophy principles cannot be explained and in the same way, philosophy substantiates the logic and reason of humans- the pillars of the great castle we have built, called knowledge. But what is logic? And philosophy?
Logic, strictly speaking, is the science or study of how to evaluate arguments and reasoning. Logic is what allows us to distinguish correct reasoning from poor reasoning. The dictionary describes philosophy as “the study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reason, reality, and existence, especially when considered as an academic discipline.” What is to be noted is that the definition of philosophy itself carries the word “reason”. We can gauge what importance they hold to each other.
Let us see how the 2 fields of study work as spokes in a wheel to help us achieve the final answer. Much of the time philosophers study what other people take for granted. They ask “Why?” and “How?” when others are content to accept what seems obvious and in need of no justification. Philosophy thus involves explanations, arguments, and their critical evaluation. Here argument is meant not in the sense of dispute or controversy but in the sense of “arguing (for or against)”, or “making a case (for or against)”. In evaluating arguments and explanations two features are significant: whether the premises, the “starting points”, are jointly plausible; and whether what is said to follow from them does so. When we reflect on these features we arrive at logic: the systematic study of what follows from, and of the relations that hold within and between, bodies of belief, loosely speaking. Logic is important for philosophy because its encourage us to have critical thinking and to make us to be careful in drawing conclusion and decision. Logic also educates us to take responsibility, where thinking is taking responsibility. With logic, we can explain to formulating the problems properly and also avoid us to make fallacies in reasoning. With doing logic, any matter in philosophy can be clarified, since logic as also a tool of analysis and systematic explanation for any phenomenon.
To summarize my thoughts I would love to put in front of you an analogy of a door and a key. Logic and philosophy are just like a door and it’s key. Which is we cannot open the door without a key. So with philosophy, we cannot learn much about it without knowing the logic. Logic in philosophy is just like a key where philosophy itself is the door. To open the door we need a key, so to know about philosophy we must know about logic. Logic for philosophy is a tool to analyze problems and to make the explanation systematic. Therefore we can avoid any fallacies and any mistakes in the way of thinking- therefore we can avoid wrong conclusion or make decision that is not properly. In other word; philosophy is a fundamental component to all areas of human inquiry while logic is the fundamental basis on which philosophy itself can be done.